National Palace Museum of Korea

National Palace Museum

EXHIBITIONS& COLLECTIONS

3 Royal Court Life

3 Royal Court Life

The women who resided inside the palace compound were comprised of the queen, court ladies with official ranks (Naemyeongbu) and female servants who performed miscellaneous jobs in the palace. Naemyeongbu refers to the royal concubines and ladies-in-waiting who received official letters of appointment. The primary wives of prominent officials were also given official ranks and they became members of yoemyeongbu, all the women with official ranks who lived outside the palace. The yoemyeongbu also included princesses and the wives of king's agnatic relatives.

The queen, as the king's primary wife, commanded all the members of the naemyeongbu and yoemyeongbu. As a representative of all the women in the Confucian State, the queen held in-person Sericulture Ceremonies to exemplify women's work, in which she demonstrated mulberry leaf picking and silkworm rearing to the noble ladies. The queen also played the role of teaching proper Confucian conduct for all women. She exhibited etiquette at palace banquets held exclusively for women.

3 Royal Court Life - Main Artifacts

Gollyongpo (a Red Dragon Robe), the Coronet and Boots of Imperial Prince Yeong

Gollyongpo (a Red Dragon Robe), the Coronet and Boots of Imperial Prince Yeong Early 20th Century Gollyongpo, a red dragon robe, was daily office attire of the kings worn from 1444(the 26th year of King Sejong’s reign) ‘till the end of the Joseon Dynasty. The robe was worn along with a jade belt, a black coronet made of lacquered leather and a pair of boots. These items were worn by Imperial Prince Yeong.

Pheasant-Patterned Ceremonial Robe of the Consort of lmperial Prince Yeong(1901~1989) Early 20th Century | Silk | H. 151.0cm Pheasant-patterned robes were great ceremonial attires exclusively worn by the supreme female royals of the Joseon Dynasty such as the queen or crown princess consorts. The color changed from red for royal status to cobalt blue following the declaration of the Korean Empire in 1897.
The pheasants, representing affection and growing old together, are woven in silk fabric and round insignias featuring gold embroidery of a five-clawed dragon are attached on the chest and back.
The consort of Imperial Prince Yeong wore the robe in April, 1922, for an audience with Emperor Sunjong and his consort.

Pheasant-Patterned Ceremonial Robe of the Consort of lmperial Prince Yeong(1901~1989)

Triple Ornaments of the Consort of Imperial Prince Yeong Early 20th Century This set of three ornaments is composed of coral, white jade butterflies and fingered amber citron. This set was hung on the waistband of the skirt. The ornaments were used by female royals during the largest court ceremonies.

Triple Ornaments of the Consort of Imperial Prince Yeong

Storage Box Decorated with Painted Ox-horn Plates

Storage Box Decorated with Painted Ox-horn Plates Late Joseon This is a wooden box decorated with painted ox-horn plates. The horns of a water buffalo or ox were first sliced into the plates, and each plate was beaten out to be thin and almost transparent. Various motifs were then painted on the back of each plate to be attached to the surface of the box. The motifs were mainly auspicious creatures such as the ten symbols of longevity, and, tigers and carps; the popular subjects of folk painting.

Seal of Princess Deokon Joseon, after 1829 This is the seal of princess Deokon, the third daughter of King Sunjo (r. 1800-1834). The handle of this brass-made seal is in the shape of a lion. The seal is engraved with “德溫公主之印”(‘Deokongongjujiin’ meaning “the Seal of Princess Deokon”).

Hayeopyeon(荷葉硯), Large Ink stone in Lotus Leaf Design

3 Royal Court Life - Exhibit Space

3 Royal Court Life - VR


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